Psilocybe semilanceata

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Pregnant women should avoid hallucinogens under most conditions. A comprehensive antenatal ultrasound is recommended after first-trimester vulnerability if not already offered as part of routine antenatal care in light of the limited available information concerning the fatal effects of usage in human pregnancy.

 

Description

Psilocybe semilanceata

Psilocybin is a hallucinogen and is the most active component of”magic mushrooms,” Psilocybe semilanceata, and cyanescens.
The mushrooms are often dried and powdered but are occasionally eaten refreshingly.
Though no structural anomalies have been reported connected with psilocybin exposure in human pregnancy or animal experiments, then use may be associated with acute toxicity and is not advised during pregnancy.

Pregnant women should avoid hallucinogens under most conditions. A comprehensive antenatal ultrasound is recommended after first-trimester vulnerability if not already offered as part of routine antenatal care in light of the limited available information concerning the fatal effects of usage in human pregnancy.

Psilocybin is a hallucinogen and is the active component of “magic mushrooms,”
The mushrooms are often dried and powdered, but are sometimes ingested fresh.
Although no structural anomalies have been reported in connection with psilocybin exposure in human pregnancy or in animal experiments,

use may be associated with severe toxicity and is therefore not advised in pregnancy.

Recommendation

Pregnant women should avoid hallucinogens under all circumstances.

In view of the limited available data regarding the fetal effects of use in human pregnancy, a detailed antenatal ultrasound is recommended following first trimester exposure if not already offered as part of routine antenatal care.

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Hallucinogenic Mushrooms

Species and Mechanisms of ToxicityCertain Psilocybe and Panaeolus spp. contain toxins with strong hallucinogenic properties. Psilocybin, a tryptamine derivative, is the most important toxic component enhancing serotonin levels in the CNS.
These fungi, known as “magic mushrooms”, are ingested deliberately.
The “liberty cap”, Psilocybe semilanceata, is the most popular fungus in this group.

Symptoms

Symptoms mostly appear within an hour: euphoria, hallucinations, altered sense of time and space, and depersonalization are typical. The hallucinations may be bizarre and utterly unpleasant, which often brings the patient to hospital. Other symptoms are agitation, anxiety, tachycardiamydriasis, flushing, and fever.

Treatment

Treatment is symptomatic. It is wise to keep the patient in a quiet room and provide generous sedation with, in the first place, benzodiazepines, adding antipsychotic drugs (e.g. haloperidol) in the case of violent behavior or frightening hallucinations.